Home • Site Map
About The System

About The System

Step One:

a) Optional - Removal of Calcium (Hardness) with a Softener.  Once calcium is removed, our water treatment equipment is protected from any unnecessary scaling problems.

b) Chlorine removal with a Carbon Filter to protect the Reverse Osmosis Membrane.


Step Two:

First the water flows through a 5 micron Sediment Filter to remove dirt, rust and other sediment. The water then flows through a 10 micron Carbon Filter to remove chlorine and organic chemicals.  Next the process involves the removal of the Total Dissolved Solids (T.D.S.) by the Reverse Osmosis Membrane.  This process effectively removes the T.D.S. below 10 PPM.


Step Three:

Quality Water is then stored in a R.O. rated Storage Tank with an automatic level control.


Step Four:

From the Storage Tank, the water is pumped to the Water Filling Station with a food grade delivery pump.


Step Five:

The water then travels through a taste and odour Polish Filter to remove any possible taste issues.  The water then passes through an Ultra Violet Sterilizer to destroy bacteria.  Pure, clean water is then available to the consumer to fill their bottles with the push of a button,



An Ozonator is used to keep R.O. water at the highest quality.

A Bottle Washer is used to insure customer jugs are clean and sterlized before filling with purified water.


Note: All equipment must be monitored monthly to ensure continued production of high quality water and to prevent costly down time.

Store Equipment Layout

Store Equipment Layout

What Is Reverse Osmosis?

What Is Reverse Osmosis?

In the R.O. process, water molecules are forced through an extremely fine (0.0001 micron), thin film composite (TFC) semi-permeable membrane by water pressure. 

What is semi-permeable membrane? 

A semi-permeable membrane will allow certain molecules or ions to pass through it but not others. An R.O. membrane allows pure water to pass through it while rejecting the contaminants too large to fit through the membrane’s pores such as salt ions and other small molecules that cannot be filtered.

What Is Removed?

This process eliminates almost all the impurities, which include sediments, metals, minerals and chemicals. See Removal Chart below for more details.

The pure water produced is collected in a holding tank, while the substances left behind are automatically diverted to a waste drain so they don't build up in the system.  By using part of the feed water, the rejected substances are flushed away keeping the membrane clean and effective for years to come. 

Although the R.O. process is perfect for municipal sources of water, it cannot be the only level of purification for sources that could have biological contaminants such as pond, well, lake, or even cistern water.  An Ultra Violet Sterilizer is then necessary to eliminate all bacteria and viruses from the water.

Who Uses It?

This pure, clean water produced is not only great tasting drinking water for the home and office but has many other purposes in laboratories, ice & bottled water industry, manufacturing, and in medical fields.




RO Diagram

RO Diagram

Search by Keyword

Search by Keyword

Copyright © Water Concepts Welland, ON